Wednesday, August 26, 2020

African American Religion Essay Example for Free

African American Religion Essay Before Africans were brought to America during the slave exchange, they had their own way of life and society. They had their own language and move. They likewise had their own religion. History reveals to us that the Europeans defended their maltreatment toward the Africans as helping them become progressively socialized in light of the fact that the Africans way of life seemed basic to them and not as created and industrialized as theirs. What is frequently neglected is that despite the fact that Africans were taken from Africa and Americanized and have been deprived of their religion, culture, language and even their name, the very pith of the African as a people didn't leave. Some African American slaves dismissed Christianity’s religion since they considered it to be the â€Å"white man’s religion†. History reveals to us American Slave Masters mishandled the Africans by whipping them like creatures and by rewarding them unfeeling. The way that these slave drivers needed the African American to venerate their god was unsatisfactory for some since they couldn't comprehend why they should revere a divine being who permitted individuals to be so seriously rewarded. A few Africans acknowledged Christianity’s religion and confidence by relating to Jesus Christ, the child of God who as indicated by the Bible was honest of transgression but then he was beaten, wounded and killed for the wrongdoings of the world. Some African Americans needed to stay dedicated to their legacy yet didn't concur with the invoke rehearses. Seth Holly’s character is a genuine case of adjusting to the financial success of America which was established by Christians. White Christians implemented Christian convictions, qualities, and a few practices dependent on the Euro American Christian understanding of Christian content. Seth built up a sort of scorn for his own kin demonstrating that he has received the acts of white America in the mid 1900s. â€Å"Niggers coming up here from that old backwoods†¦ coming up here from the nation conveying Bibles and guitars searching for opportunity. † Seth says. â€Å"They got a discourteous awakening† (6). Seth means the African American who hates digestion to the white American culture. Be that as it may, simultaneously, he also endeavors to associate with his legacy by just permitting Bynum to live in his home and favor it with his summons customs. Seth likewise takes an interest in an African move custom called the Juba. Bynum’s character is presented by rehearsing summon customs. He cuts open pigeons and spreads its blood onto him as a kind of purifying to speak with spirits. Bynum speaks to the African American who decided to stay dedicated to the religion of his legacy. Other people who have picked the confidence of Christianity see summon customs as shrewd, black magic, or wicked. Some African Americans needed to stay devoted to their legacy yet didn't concur with invoke rehearses any longer. Loomis strolls in on the juba move and goes into a stupor after supper at the lodging. He had a dream of skeletons rise up out of a waterway. â€Å"Loomis: I done seen bones ascend out the water. Ascend and stroll over the water. Bones strolling on the water† (53). Loomis perceives through the vision, his condition of numbness to the information that will lead him to the better approach for speculation. Bynum fills in as a supporting character responding to Loomis’s daze. â€Å"Bynum: They strolling around here at this point. Mens. Much the same as you and me. Come straight up out the water† (56). Loomis’s stupor and Bynum’s translation of it is a defining moment in the story. The skeletons originating from the base of the ocean in Loomis’s vision speak to the slave delivers, the bewilderment experienced by the slaves during liberation, and the disarray of his discharge from Joe Turner. Both Loomis and Bynum have taken advantage of their familial religion. The contrast between the two is that Bynum speaks to the African who never denied his religion and Loomis is the African-American who abandoned summon religion and changed over to the confidence of Christianity. After Joe turner removed his life from him, Loomis scrutinized his Christian confidence and his personality. By strolling in on the familial custom of the Juba move, Loomis truly strolled into what he had really been searching for, his religion, thus, his hereditary character and this is the reason he fell into the daze. All through the play summons is incorporates four ages; Bynum’s father, Bynum, Loomis, and the neighbor kid Reuben. Reuben’s vision is of Seth’s mother by the pigeon coop, she urges Reuben to discharge the confined pigeons. Wilson writes such that drives the peruser to accept that Loomis needs to locate his missing spouse. Martha Pentecost isn't the person who was lost; Loomis was the person who was lost, pondering around from town to town, looking. Loomis came into the condition of conviction when Bynum helped him decipher his vision. That vision spoke to Loomis returning to his hereditary summon religion. Loomis expected to discover Martha Pentecost basically to bid farewell to her and their life previous together. Up until this purpose of the story, I accepted that Loomis expected to discover his significant other so they could experience the remainder of their lives as a glad free family with their little girl. Nonetheless, it is made truly evident this was never Loomis’s expectations. â€Å"That farewell kept me out and about searching,† Loomis says, â€Å"now that I see your face I can say my farewell and make my own world† (90). Martha Pentecost, a lady of Christian confidence, speaks to the African who acclimatized into white America’s culture and Loomis expected to discover her to bid farewell to her and the Christian confidence. Martha remains by her Christian confidence by charging Loomis â€Å"you done headed toward the devil† (91). White man’s religion accepted that summon was abhorrent or the method of the fallen angel. Loomis thinks that its simpler to dismiss her for her Christian convictions. â€Å"Loomis: Great huge old white man†¦your Mr. Jesus Christ. Remaining there with a whip in one hand and a tote board in another, them niggers swimming in an ocean of cotton† (92). Loomis demonstrates with his announcement, his form of a book of scriptures story that varied from other African Americans yet was like that of the white man who accepted that they were on a level underneath God and the African’s were underneath them, African’s were 33% of an individual. Loomis now accepts that on the off chance that African’s will be free, at that point they need to assume responsibility for their own fate. Martha Pentecost speaks to the African American’s religion, she recognizes that Loomis needs to â€Å"be washed in the blood of the lamb† (92) and â€Å"you done headed toward the fallen angel. (91) Through class exercises I discovered that African American slaves contrasted themselves and stories in the good book to impart any expectation of an actual existence liberated from mistreatment, savagery, and subjugation. Jesus as indicated by the book of scriptures was guiltless of transgression but then he was beaten, wounded and killed for the wrongdoings of the world. The desire for reigning in hurl with Jesus is viewed as a definitive award for enduring life’s hardships. It is the confidence of the African Americans who acknowledged Christianity religion. Blacks confided in the Lord rather than man. America was Egypt in the departure story and as long as the subjugating and mistreating occurred America would confront a similar anger as Egypt. â€Å"Stand still and see the salvation of the Lord. † The book of scriptures was relied upon in defending and inspiration disobedience for the blacks and utilized as a device to keep blacks subjugated by the whites. African Americans utilized lessons, melody, and supplication to pass on and show their message of travail and triumph of Israel. Some African Americans couldn't move beyond the treatment from the white individuals that called themselves Christians and accordingly they dismissed Christianity. Selig’s job proposes that the connection between characters is the procurement of material merchandise. Selig concedes that his progenitors have consistently made their living seeking after African Americas; his incredible granddad moved slaves from Africa, his dad caught runaway slaves and returned them to their lords for a prize, and Selig finds uprooted individuals for a charge. Selig achieves his rapture through customer free enterprise, through the selling of material products. African Americans are objects for misuse and trade in the new economy. He ties African Americans to the monetary framework, requesting installment of his administrations and items which requires resource work by taking them from one building site or work site to another, like a brief business office today. You pay for a worker to work for quite a while, however Selig is getting paid by the individual searching for work or a ride to an opportunity of opportunity. Selig can't discover an individual that has not bought a dustpan from him since he keeps the names of his clients. Seth is resolved to make material progress, he has next to no tolerance for African Americans relocating north searching for a similar success that he wants. Seth is requesting of his benefactors, demanding development installment in full, and is distracted with keeping up a decent house. â€Å"It’s hard enough now without such oblivious sort of acting. Since the time subjection got over with there ain’t been only stupid acting niggers. Word get out they need men to work in the factory and put in these roads†¦ and niggers drop everything and head north searching for opportunity. (5, 6) Seth needs to mix in with the white man’s world; in this way he keeps a connection with Selig by arranging the assembling and offer of dustpans. Seth doesn't have any thought of what it resembles to be a slave, as he was brought into the world free in the North and was taught. He exhibits his instruction with his math figuring when deali

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Principles and Management of Taxation -

Question: Talk about aboutThe PrinciplesandManagement of Taxation. Answer: Presentation: As per the Fringe Benefit Tax Assessment Act 1986 any type of advantage that is paid to the workers separated from the pay rates and wages is viewed as the incidental advantage (, 2018). nonetheless, the demonstration set out that there ought to be a relationship among the business and the worker alongside the supplier of the incidental advantage charge enactment. This would help in keeping a record of the assessment liabilities starting from such advantages accommodated both the business and the worker. As set down under Section 6 of the FBTAA 1986 vehicle gave to worker by the business and the equivalent is utilized for the private reason inside and out then it would pull in vehicle incidental advantage charge (, 2018). The vehicle incidental advantage charge is material whenever of the day as to the control of the worker for the vehicle held by the individual or it is taken to be accessible for the individual use of the representative or the partner. As characterized under the sub-segment 136 (1) of the tax collection administering MT 2027 use of vehicle by the worker which isn't straightforwardly identified with the course of creating the available pay of the partner would be viewed as the individual use. So as to show up at the assessable measure of the incidental advantage of the vehicle, the legal technique or the working cost equation is utilized. Also, area 10A and Section 10 B of the FBTAA 1986 executes with the assurance of the available estimation of the vehicle dependent on the working cost technique (, 2018). Under sub-segment 136 (1), the strategy for working cost considers the cost that is continued on the tasks of the vehicle and the subtleties of the business ventures is required to joined in the log book on the off chance that they are utilized for discovering the extent of the private utilization of the vehicle for executing the working cost technique. Case Facts: In the current contextual analysis, Charlie is the worker of Shiny Homes Pty Ltd and has been furnished with the vehicle and the equivalent would be at risk for incidental advantage charge under the enactment. As apparent Charlie utilized the vehicle for both private and business reason and under Sub-segment 136 (1) it would draw in incidental advantage charge. The choice set down on account of Lunney and Hayley v FCT (1958) expressed that the movement from the representative home to the work environment is viewed as the standard private travel (, 2018). Also, the movement to the work environment is considered as the vital pre-essential. Charlie in this condition has voyage kilometers from his home to the work environment and the equivalent can't be respected for incidental advantage since they were not over the span of creating available salary. The private kilometers went by Charlie would not change the result since the work environment is viewed as nomad in nature. There are two techniques associated with registering the assessable measure of the incidental advantage charge to be specific the legal strategy and the working cost strategy (Deutsch, 2014). The legal rate for figuring the chargeable worth of the incidental advantage of the vehicle is 20%. The legal percent is increased with the base measure of the vehicle all together determine the assessable estimation of the incidental advantages. The level of private utilization of the vehicle offered to the business isn't relevant in the ascertainment of the assessable measure of the incidental advantage in legal recipe. Though under the working costing strategy both the work and private reason for the vehicle is isolated in deciding the assessable measure of the vehicle incidental advantage. The underneath expressed legal strategy is utilized in deciding the estimation of incidental advantage; Calculation of Fringe Benefit Tax under Statutory Method Legal strategy Available estimation of incidental advantages Specific Sum ($) Sum ($) Base estimation of the vehicle 70000 Legal rate @20% Vehicle Available for Private use (Days) 196 Number of days in the FBT year 365 Available Value of the Car Fringe advantage 7517.81 The underneath expressed working cost strategy is utilized in deciding the estimation of incidental advantage; Calculation of Fringe Benefit Tax under Operating Cost Method Working cost technique: Available estimation of incidental advantages Specific Sum ($) Sum ($) Petroleum oil cost 14000 Fixes upkeep Cost 24500 Considered Depreciation 17500 Considered Interest 3955 Enlistment expenses 140 Protection Cost 560 Complete working expense 60655 Extent of Private Use: Complete kilometer run 80000 Business related Use 50000 Private related Use 30000 Private use (%) 37.5% Available estimation of incidental advantages 22745.625 The considered deterioration is processed with the assistance of the legal pace of 25 percent by utilizing the rules gave under segment 11 (1) Figuring of Deemed Depreciation Specifics Sum Base estimation of vehicle $70,000.00 Devaluation rate 25% Considered Depreciation $17,500.00 Considered Depreciation = (Base estimation of Car x Depreciation rate x 365)/365)) Then again, the considered intrigue is registered by utilizing the equation that is expressed under the area 11 (2). The legal financing cost being 5.65% for the year finished 2016/17. Computation of Deemed Interest Points of interest Sum Base estimation of vehicle $70,000.00 Legal Interest rate 5.65% Esteemed Interest $3,955.00 As obvious from the above expressed calculations the assessable measure of the vehicle incidental advantage is lower under the legal strategy than the working cost technique and sum acquired under the legal technique would be thought of. In the later piece of the case, it is seen that Shine Homes employed vehicle for Charlie during his Wedding and the estimation of the recruit charged vehicle would be considered as the available worth and will be remembered for the incidental advantage charge. Moreover, the wedding trip facilities that is paid by Charlies business Shine Homes must be considered in the assessable estimation of the incidental advantage. Segment 39A of the FBTAA 1986 set out the quantity of conditions which is important required to be met before giving the offices of the vehicle leaving to the representative by the business (Kenny, 2014). Area 39A of the FBTAA 1986 gives that the vehicle leaving incidental advantage starts when the vehicle is left at the premises of the vehicle supplier or the vehicle is rented or heavily influenced by the representative. In the current contextual investigation, it is discovered that the vehicle is left at the different substance and doesn't bring about the vehicle incidental advantage charge. The beneath expressed calculations decides the incidental advantage charge for Charlie Calculation of Fringe Benefit Tax Specific Sum ($) Sum ($) Available estimation of incidental advantages of vehicle $7,517.81 Available estimation of incidental advantages for vehicle employed only for the special first night reason for Charlie $1,000.00 Available estimation of convenience of lodging $3,000.00 Available estimation of all out incidental advantages $11,517.81 FBT rate 49% Available Value of Fringe Benefit $22,583.94 Incidental advantage Tax $11,066.13 Indisputably it tends to be expressed that the relevant case laws and appropriate areas of the FBTAA 1986 is applied in assurance of the incidental advantage charge (Morgan et al., 2014). The utilization of vehicle by the Charlie is viewed as the incidental advantage and would draw in incidental advantage charge. As obvious from the present contextual analysis of Allan and Betty they attempted the choice of tree change. Moreover, they chose to sell their home situated in Melbourne so as to obtain the nation home situated in the Central Victoria and a similar will be obligated for any expense risk. In any case, as per the segment 6-5 of the ITAA 1997 pay got legitimately from the business or calling will be considered for tax assessment (Sadiq et al., 2014). Essentially, the pay inferred by Allan and Betty as the low maintenance bookkeeper and the Locum specialist will draw in charge obligation under the segment 6-5 of the ITAA 1997. The contextual analysis clearly advances that Allan was wide referred to among his old customers as the locum specialist and charged expenses from the patients that visited him. He got countless hand crafted cakes and food from his patients as token for appreciation. It merits referencing that cakes and food doesn't draws in charge risk since they didn't have the idea of business merchandise nor having any business esteem (Woellner et al., 2014). Aside from this Allan did got wine from one of his client that contained business estimation of $36. Subsequently, the estimation of wine that is gotten by Allan will pull in charge obligation and will be remembered for the available income in regard of the ITAA 1997. The tax assessment administering of TR 97/11 is worried about the assurance of the people enjoyed business exercises (Woellner et al., 2014). The tax assessment administering of TR 97/11 aides in recognizing the distinctions related with business and side interests which is recorded underneath; The goal of the action structures indispensable component in learning whether the action established business or interest. On finding that the movement holds business target then a similar will be considered as the business action. The motivation behind the business is to determine benefit while the leisure activity doesn't holds such reason

Friday, August 21, 2020

Not your stereotypical sorority girl

Not your stereotypical sorority girl Ever seen the first few minutes of Legally Blonde? MTVs reality TV show Sorority Life? Read the book Pledged. Think sorority girls are bimbos who spend all day having pillow fights and braiding each others hair? These stereotypes are like, completely, like, totally, unfounded, you know (just kidding!)? Just like everything else at MIT, sororities are nothing like what the media portrays. Ill try to dispel some popular (and untrue notions) a little later on. First of all, I should just clarify exactly what a sorority is. According to the Panhel website: Sororities are undergraduate social organizations that encourage high academic standards, community service, and character and leadership development. Sororities are Greek letter organizations that offer lifelong membership, and provide sisterhood networks throughout the country. There are 26 national sororities, five of which are at MIT. Sororities are involved in academic, community service, health wellness, and social activities. There are 5 sororities on campus: Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Epsilon Phi, Alpha Phi, Kappa Alpha Theta, and Sigma Kappa. Each sorority has a different group of girls, living area, activities, etc., but they are all leaders in the MIT community and beyond. All the sororities are part of MIT Panhel, which is our panhallenic association, and you can click here for more information on general sorority life at MIT ( Want to test out the waters of sorority life? Come tonight to the first round of recruitment! Recruitment is a five day process, where you get to meet a lot of girls from all five sororities. Even if you dont think sorority life is for you (in fact, I think 50% or more sorority women didnt see themselves joining one when they first came to MIT). Thurs., February 2, 2006: Welcome Night 7:30pm-10:55pm** Student Center, dinner provided and casual dress Fri., February 3, 2006: House and Philanthropy Night 4:45pm-11:30pm** Student Center (meet PRCs, transportation provided to all houses), dinner provided and casual dress with warm coat. -Sat., February 4, 2006: Sisterhood Night 4:30pm-TBD(9:15pm latest)** Lobdell, dinner provided and casual dress. Meet with your PRC at 12pm also. -Sun., February 5, 2006: Preference Parties 1:00pm-TBD(4:50pm latest)** Student Center (Does NOT conflict with Superbowl) semi-formal dress. Meet with your PRC at 10am also. -Mon., February 6, 2006: Bid Day and PRC Reaffiliation Ceremony 7:30pm-9:30pm Student Center Post Tagged #FSILGs

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Role of Human Resources Department - 613 Words

The role of the human resources department is to maximize its expertise and knowledge to promote a diverse work environment that values service excellence, personal well being and professional development. Some of the functions of human resources are to stay compliant with labor laws, to recruit, hire and train the best-qualified people to do the job. Human resource planning is an important factor of the human resources department. It is the process of forecasting the supply and demand for human resources within an organization and developing action plans for aligning the two (Denisi/Griffin, 2008, pg. 98).Organizations analyzes whether they could function with the same staff or by increasing staff if needed and the planning can make the difference between success or failure. Job analysis is another important factor of human resources. This is the process of gathering and organizing detail information about jobs within an organization so managers can understand the process to pe rformed most effectively. The job analysis relates to the selection process, performance appraisal, training, development, and compensation. The training and development is where the employee learning the job related skills. The organization facilitate the training to employees to focus on that specific job, whereas, the development teaches the managers and professionals the skills needed for both current and future jobs. If an employee is not meeting his job in satisfaction, managers and orShow MoreRelatedRole Of A Human Resource Department984 Words   |  4 PagesRole and Function of a Human Resource Department Human resources (HR) are so much more than the traditional view of an administrative function within the organization. If properly developed and initiated HR can become a strong, strategic business partner. 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Thursday, May 14, 2020

Lack Of Motivation For Improving Enterprises - 782 Words

Analysis Employees, the most fundamental components of organizations, are vital resource for improving enterprises’ market competitiveness if they are satisfied and loyal to their jobs. However, many Chinese stated-owned enterprises didn’t realize that they need employees to success. The above-mentioned phenomenon might arise in lack of motivation both in hygiene factors and motivation factors that proposed by Herzberg (1959). Hygiene factorsï ¼Å¡ Inadequate financial motivation is the first hygiene factor that influence motivation. With the development of the company, Xinye has established salary system containing clear-cut rating salary of different level of positions. The reality, however, is not always as fair as what it says in the regulations. For example, two members of the same position in one department doing totally same tasks but having distinction cross even three levels of salary. According to Adams (1963), comparison cause inequity between colleagues, thus the one who was paid less may requires for a higher salary, which always rejected by the managers in practice. What is most likely to occur in reality is that the one who was paid less tends to invest less energy and endeavor in their daily work, and even quit their job, to pursue a psychological balance. Besides, comparison also exist between different organizations, such as employees tends to compare their welfare with other company’s. As a result of w hich, employees in Xinye always feel frustrated due toShow MoreRelatedCorporate Social Responsibility ( Csr )1035 Words   |  5 Pagesundertake and to facilitate social and environmental targets and also to minimize the cost of potential society and environment that refers to business events. In addition, a sense of belongingness and motivation could be built by corporate social responsibility (Stawiski). 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The County Public Schools Set Its Sights High For The...

Gadsden County Public Schools set its sights high for the 2014-15 academic year. Faced with challenges and changes as the state transitions to new, rigorous standards and assessments, Gadsden remained steadfast to its creed of â€Å"No Excuses.† As a result, the following milestones were realized: †¢ By far Gadsden most noteworthy achievement during the 20145-15 academic year was a marked increase in the graduation rates at both of our high schools. Based on the federal four-year graduation calculations published by the Florida Department of Education, Gadsden saw nearly a 9% boost moving from 56.0% to 65.4%. †¢ Nurturing the body is just as critical as nurturing the soul, which is why the district elected to seek designation as a Florida Healthy School in 2015. Education begins with helping members in community understand the importance of nutrition, fitness, and spiritual wellness, for each of the aforementioned impacts one’s overall ability to learn. Through implementation of programs, infrastructures, and health education courses, Gadsden was recognized as a Bronze level Florida Healthy School District by the Florida Department of Education’s Safe and Healthy Schools Initiative. †¢ In August of 2015, Gadsden County’s Havana Magnet School opened its doors to more than 600 elementary and middle school students as the district’s newly renovated K-8 school. Havana Magnet School’s guiding mission is to provide a safe and conductive learning environment for all students. InShow MoreRelatedPoverty And The Inner City2575 Words   |  11 Pagesin the world, it is not immune to poverty. In 2014, 46.7 million people (15%) were in poverty in the United States. This is no small issue, and one that we as Christians are called to combat. In the United States poverty is a national problem, however, it is most prevalent in the inner cities. The inner city is defined as, â€Å"A general term for impoverished areas of large cities. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Human Rights and Civil Liberties

Question: That Q should prisoners in the united kingdom be given a right to vote? Answer: Research Questions and Hypothesis Prisoners face civil death as they are not allowed to vote in UK. There are growing concerns due to social pressure if prisoners should be given the right to vote. Hence, the main research question of this research is: Should prisoners in UK be allowed to vote? The primary research question can be given a direction through secondary questions as follows: What are the challenging experiences that shape the behaviour of criminals? Considering the political and social pressure, what are the considerations that will be taken by legal system to adopt a new approach? There are various hypothesis assumed for the research: H1= Vast majority of the UK prison population comes from disadvantaged social and economic background. H2= Prisoner Disenfranchisement Policy is a threat to democracy. Background to the Study This paper is an investigation if the prisoners should get voting rights within UK. Every single prisoner in UK is disenfranchised from voting[1]. Rationale for your Research Subject The reason for choosing this topic of research is to explore the factors in favour and against prisoners' voting rights in UK. This project aims to explore the feelings of public towards the research issue. Indicative Literature Review British Democratic Government The United Kingdom has a democratic government where they act in the interests of people. According to the political system, every adult is entitled to universal suffrage- the right to vote[2]. Human Rights Every human being has a right to vote in elections as a civil liberty and without discrimination. Right to vote is a right and not a privilege. Right to vote guarantees the respect of opinion in a democratic society[3]. Research Methodology Research Design For covering the areas of research design, data analysis and limitations, quantitative data methods are used. An online questionnaire was administered to 90 participants involved in the project. The overall results are taken into account to avoid sampling errors. The scale for questions is based on a Likert Scale. Also, a few cases with violation of Article 3 (right to free elections) of Protocol No. 1 are considered such case for Hirst (No. 2) v. the United Kingdom. Another country with prisoner disenfranchisement is Austria[4]. Data Collection The data was collected through an online survey. A template was prepared in a manner that gave people an opportunity to continue or ignore the internet questionnaire page. Data Analysis For the first research question, 33.3% of the participants suggested that the prisoners should be allowed to vote regardless of the crime committed by them. 55.5% of the participants suggested that criminals must be by crime committed by them. 11.1% of the participants suggested that no criminal should be allowed to vote. The majority of the people stated that the sexual offenders must not be given a right to vote. For the second research question, 44.4% of the participants considered that voting must be allowed as a basic human right. 5.5% people had an undecided opinion regarding the relationship between human rights and prisoner voting rights. While the remainder strongly agreed with prisoner disenfranchisement. Intended Outcomes This research is a method to involve the public to ink their opinions. This project takes a step forward in understanding the opinion of public regarding prisoner disenfranchisement. The Timetable for the Proposed Project References Birch A,The British System Of Government(Routledge 2013) European Court of Human Rights, "Prisoners Right To Vote" (2015) accessed 15 February 2016 Lansbergen A, "Prisoner Disenfranchisement In The United Kingdom And The Scope Of EU Law: United Kingdom Supreme Court" (2014) 10 European Constitutional Law Review McNulty D, Watson N and Philo G, "Human Rights And Prisoners' Rights: The British Press And The Shaping Of Public Debate" (2014) 53 The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice